Pahalgam is a popular and beautiful town located in the state of Jammu and Kashmir, the northern most state of India. Administratively, it is a notified area committee which belongs to the Anantnag district. A popular place for tourists, tourism is one of the main industries and source of livelihood for the people of Pahalgam.
Pahalgam is located at an altitude of 2130 m above sea level. It is at a distance of 95 km from the capital city of the state, Srinagar. One of the most popular hill resorts in Kashmir, this town lies in a valley surrounded by the mountains on all sides, providing breathtaking, picturesque views to travelers. The Lidder river runs through the town; it is also situated at the junction of the Shesnag and the Aru rivers. The mountains surrounding the valley are covered with fir and pine trees while further up, one can get a glimpse of the snow capped peaks lying bare against the sky.
Both the rivers, Aru and Sheshnag, flow down from mighty glaciers in the great Himalayas. Pahalgam is the name given to a humble village of shepherds who originally formed the town at the confluence of the streams of these two rivers. Later it grew into one of the most popular destinations in Kashmir and today it is a flourishing town.
Historically, this was a princely sate which came under various rulers from the medieval period. At that time there is evidence that it was under the Mughal rule. Later on, the local Hindu rulers had this province under their territory. During the British rule it remained independent as a princely state in India and after Independence, it was merged with the rest of the country.
Pahalgam, also known as the village of shepherds, has several sightseeing points. The hotels in Pahalgam are many and there are options for trekking and adventure activities for tourists here as well. One can trek to Lidderwat or the Kolohoi glacier and even to Sonmarg. Snow skiing occurs here during winter months as part of winter sports activities. It is also an access point for those traveling to Amarnath cave, a site of pilgrimage for the Hindus.
Thus, Pahalgam Kashmir is an important tourist destination for Indians as well as foreigners. The beauty of the valley and the mountains, the pristine mountain air and the rejuvenating sights of nature are a balm to many a city weary traveler here.